Bibliografia e sitografia

1° Ambito: i possibili fattori di rischio del GD

  • American Psychiatric Association (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental
  • disorders (5th ed.). Arlington, VA: American  Psychiatric Publishing. Edizione
  • italiana: Manuale diagnostico e statistico dei disturbi mentali. Milano: Raffaello
  • Cortina, 2014.
  • Billieux, J., Deleuze, J., Griffiths, M. D., & Kuss, D. J. (2015). Internet gaming addic-
  • tion: The case of massively multiplayer online role-playing games.
  • Billieux, J., Lagrange, G., Van der Linden, M., Lançon, C., Adida, M., & Jeanningros, R.
  • (2012). Investigation of impulsivity in a sample of treatment-seeking pathologi-
  • cal gamblers:  A multidimensional    Psychiatry  Research, 198(2),  291-
  • Brand, M., Young, K. S., Laier, C., Wölfling, K., & Potenza, M. N. (2016). Integrating
  • psychological and  neurobiological  considerations  regarding  the  development
  • and maintenance  of  specific Internet-use disorders:  An  Interaction  of  Person-
  • Affect-Cognition-Execution (I-PACE)
  • views, 71, 252-
  • reports, 80(3), 879-
  • Breuer, J., Vogelgesang, J., Quandt, T., & Festl, R. (2015). Violent video  games  and
  • physical aggression: Evidence for a selection effect among adolescents.
  • gy of Popular Media Culture, 4(4), 305. 10.1037/ppm0000
  • Caplan, S., Williams, D., & Yee, N. (2009). Problematic Internet use and psychosocial
  • well-being among MMORG players. Computers in human behaviour, 25(6), 1312-
  • Caretti V. (2000), Psicodinamica della trance dissociativa da videoterminale. Cantelmi
  • , Del Miglio C., Talli M., D’Andrea A. (a cura di). La Mente in Internet.
  • tologia delle condotte on-line. Padova: Piccin.
  • Dauriat, F. Z., Zermatten, A., Billieux, J., Thorens, G., Bondolfi, , Zullino, D., &
  • Khazaal, Y. (2011). Motivations to  play  specifically  predict  excessive  involve-
  • ment in massively multiplayer online role-playing games: evidence from an online
  • European Addiction Research, 17(4), 185-189.
  • Collins, E., Freeman, J., & Chamarro-Premuzic, T. (2012). Personality traits associated
  • with problematic and non-problematic massively multiplayer online role playing
  • game use. Personality and Individual Differences, 52(2), pp. 133-
  • Faulkner, G., Irving, H., Adlaf, E.M., Turner, N. (2015). Subtypes of adolescent video
  • gamers: a latent class analysis. International Journal of Mental Health and Ad-
  • 2015;13:1–18.
  • Iacolino, C., Lombardo, E.M.C., Micieli, S., Cervellione, B., Mannino, G. (2018). La
  • dipendenza da Internet. Il caso dei videogiocatori MOBA e MORPG.
  • XV Congresso Nazionale della Sezione di Psicologia Sociale AIP, Bari.
  • King, D. & Delfabbro, P. (2018). Internet Gaming Disorder: Theory, Assessment, Pre-
  • vention, and Treatment. Academic Press.
  • King, D. L., Gainsbury, S. M., Delfabbro, P. H., Hing, N., & Abarbanel, B. (2015).
  • Distinguishing between gaming and gambling activities in addiction re-
  • Journal of Behavioral Addictions, 4(4), 215-220.
  • King, D., Delfabbro, P., & Griffiths, M. (2010). Video game structural characteristics:
  • A new psychological taxonomy. International journal of mental health and addiction.
  • tion, 8(1), 90-
  • Ko, C. H., Liu, G. C., Hsiao, S., Yen, J. Y., Yang, M. J., Lin, W. C., … & Chen, C. S.
  • (2009). Brain activities associated with gaming urge of online gaming addic-
  • Journal of psychiatric research, 43(7), 739-747.
  • Kuss, D. J., & Griffiths, M. D. (2012). Internet gaming addiction: A systematic review
  • of empirical    International  Journal  of  Mental Health and  Addiction,  10(2),
  • 278-
  • Kuss, D. J., Louws, J., & Wiers, R. W. (2012). Online gaming addiction? Motives pre-
  • dict addictive play behavior in  massively multiplayer online role-playing games.
  • Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 15(9), 480-485.
  • Lo, S. K., Wang, C. C., & Fang, W. (2005). Physical interpersonal relationships and
  • social anxiety among online game players. Cyberpsychology & behavior, 8(1), 15-
  • Mehroof, M., & Griffiths, M. D. (2010). Online gaming addiction: the role of sensation
  • seeking, self-control, neuroticism,  aggression,  state  anxiety,  and  trait
  • Cyberpsychology, behavior,  and  social  networking,  13(3),  313-316.  Doi:
  • Müller, K. W., Janikian, M., Dreier, M., Wölfling, K., Beutel, M. E., Tzavara, C., … &
  • Tsitsika, A. (2015). Regular gaming behavior and Internet gaming disorder in Eu-
  • ropean adolescents:  results  from  a  cross-national  representative  survey  of
  • prevalence, predictors, and psychopathological correlates. European Child & Adoloscence
  • olescent Psychiatry, 24(5), 565-574.
  • Naskar, S., Victor, R., Nath, K., & Sengupta, C. (2016). “One level more:” A narratiCyberpsychology & behavior, 8(2), 110-113. Doi: 10.1089/cpb.2005.8.110
  • Park, S. K., Kim, J. Y., & Cho, C. B. (2008). Prevalence of Internet addiction and corre-
  • lations with  family  factors  among  South  Korean
  • 43(172).
  • Salen, K., Tekinbaş, K. S., & Zimmerman, E. (2004). Rules of play: Game design fundamen-
  • MIT press.
  • 13(4), 993-1018. Doi: 10.1111/j.1083-2008.00428.x
  • Zhou, Z., Zhu, H., Li, C., & Wang, J. (2014). Internet addictive individuals share impul-
  • sivity and executive dysfunction with alcohol-dependent patients.
  • Blanton, H., Gibbons, F. X., Gerrard, M., Conger, K. J., & Smith, G. E. (1997). Role of
  • family and peers in the development of prototypes associated with substance
  • Journal of Family Psychology, 11(3), 271e288.
  • Gosling, S. (2003). A very brief measure of the Big-Five personality domains. Journal
  • of Research in Personality, 37(6), 504e528.
  • Ko CH, Yen JY, Yen CF, Lin HC, Yang MJ. Factors predictive for incidence and remission of internet addiction in young adolescents: A prospective study.  Behav.2007
  • Ko CH, Liu GC, Hsiao Set al. Brain activities associated with gaming urge of online gaming addiction.  Psychiatr. Res. 2009; 43: 739– 747
  • havioral neuroscience, 8, 288.
  • Winstanley CA. The orbitofrontal cortex, impulsivity, and addiction: Probing orbitofrontal dysfunction at the neural, neurochemical, and molecular level.  N. Y. Acad. Sci.2007; 1121: 639– 655.
  • Lee HW, Choi JS, Shin YC, Lee JY, Jung HY, Kwon JS. Impulsivity in internet addiction: A comparison with pathological gambling.  Behav. Soc. Netw.2012; 15: 373– 377.
  • Dong G, Devito EE, Du X, Cui Z. Impaired inhibitory control in ‘internet addiction disorder’: A functional magnetic resonance imaging study. Psychiatry Res.2012; 203: 153– 158.
  • Morrison CM, Gore H: The relationship between excessive internet use and depression: a questionnaire-based study of 1,319 young people and adults. Psychopathology 2010;43:121-126.
  • Batthyány D, Müller KW, Benker F, Wölfling K: Computer game playing: clinical characteristics of dependence and abuse among adolescents. Wien Klin Wochenschr 2009;121:502-509
  • Brindova D, Pavelka J, Sevcikova A et al. How parents can affect excessive spending of time on screen-based activities. BMC Public Health 2014; 14: 1261


Sitografia delle ricerche


  • La dipendenza da Internet: Il fenomeno dell’IGD in un campione non clinico di videogiocatori di MOBA (Multiplayer Online Battle Arena) e MMORP (Massive Multiplayer Online Role-playing Game)
  • Motivational components of tolerance in Internet gaming disorder

  • Brain correlates of response inhibition in Internet gaming disorder

  • Pathological Gamblers and Healthy Controls regarding the Big Five Personality Traits

  • A latent profile approach for the study of internet gaming disorder, social media addiction, and psychopathology in a normative sample of adolescents S211873

  • Risk Factors for Internet Gaming Disorder: Psychological Factors and Internet Gaming Characteristics

  • Internet Gaming Disorder: the interplay between physical activity and user–avatar relationship

  • Internet gaming disorder in male and female young adults: The role of alexithymia, depression, anxiety and gaming type

  • Typology of Internet gaming disorder and its clinical implications

http:// doi:10.1111/pcn.12457

  • Relationship between Internet Gaming Disorder with Depressive Syndrome and Dopamine Transporter Condition in Online Games Player

10.3889 / oamjms.2019.476 PMCID: PMC6876827 PMID: 31777623

  • Neurobiological mechanisms underlying internet gaming disorder


  • Neurobiological Correlates in Internet Gaming Disorder: A Systematic Literature Review


  • The alteration of gray matter volume and cognitive control in adolescents with internet gaming disorder

  • Bio-psychosocial factors of children and adolescents with internet gaming disorder:
  • a systematic review

  • The correlation between family relationships and brain activity within the reward circuit in
  • adolescents with Internet gaming disorder


Sitografia consultata

2° Ambito: Natura e Benessere

  • Connecting Global Priorities: Biodiversity and Human Health. A State of Knowledge Review. WHO/CBD, 2015. ISBN: 978924150853. o
  • Louv Richard, 2006. L’ultimo bambino nei boschi: come riavvicinare i nostri figli alla natura. Rizzoli, Milano.
  • Progetto “Ambiente, clima e promozione della salute dei bambini”, coordinato dal Ministero della Salute ed eseguito dall’Istituto Superiore di Sanità, dal CURSA – Consorzio Universitario per la Ricerca Socioeconomica e per l’Ambiente e dal DEP-Dipartimento di Epidemiologia regionale del Lazio.
  • Comunicato Stampa ISS N°28/2017 (4 Maggio 2017), Portale dell’epidemiologia per la sanità pubblica a cura del Centro nazionale per la prevenzione delle malattie e la promozione della salute dell’Istituto Superiore di Sanità.
  • (SIP e SIPPS, 2010) – Roma, 10 dicembre 2010 – La Consensus sulla vitamina D in età pediatrica, promossa dalla Società Italiana di Pediatria (SIP) e dalla Società Italiana di Pediatria Preventiva e Sociale (SIPPS), in collaborazione con la Federazione Medici Pediatri (FIMP)
  • Hedström EM, Bergström U, Svensson O, Michno P., 2010. Epidemiology of fractures in children and adolescents. Acta Orthop. 2010 Feb.; 81 (1): 148-53. doi: 10.3109/17453671003628780
  • Cohen D.D., Voss C., Taylor M.J.D., Delextrat A., Ogunleye A.A., Sandercock G.R.H., 2011.Ten‐year secular changes in muscular fitness in English children. Acta Paediatrica, vol.100, pgg e175-e177.
  • Hanscom Angela J., 2017. Giocate all’aria aperta! Perché il gioco libero nella natura rende i bambini intelligenti, forti e sicuri. Edizioni Il leone verde, Torino.
  • Hedström E.M., Waernbaum I., 2014. Incidence of fractures among children and adolescents in rural and urban communities – analysis based on 9,965 fracture events. Inj Epidemiol. 2014 Dec; 1(1): 14. doi: 1186/2197-1714-1-14
  • Xiong et al., 2017. Time spent in outdoor activities in relation to myopia prevention and control: a meta-analysis and systematic review . Acta Ophthalmologica 2017, 95: 551–566.
  • Rose et al., 2008. Outdoor Activity Reduces the Prevalence of Myopia in Children. Ophthalmology 2008; 115: 1279-1285
  • Lui M, Xiang F, Zeng Y, et al., 2015. Increasing Children’s Time Spent Outdoors Reduces the Incidence of Myopia . 314 (11): 1142-8.
  • Jones et al., 2007. Parental History of Myopia, Sports and Outdoor Activities, and Future Myopia. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2007 August ; 48(8): 3524–3532. doi:10.1167/iovs.06-1118.
  • Mac Gillivray D.M., Kollmann T.R., 2014. The role of environmental factors in modulating immune responses in early life. Frontiers and Immunology, september 2014: vol.5, article 434.doi: 10.3389/fimmu.2014.00434.
  • Remes S.T., Iivanainen K. , Koskela H., Pekkanen J., 2003. Which factors explain the lower prevalence of atopy amongst farmers’ children? Clin Exp Allergy. 2003 Apr; 33 (4): 427-34.
  • Tun H.M., Konya T., Takaro T.K., Brook J.R., Chari R., Field C.J., Guttman D.S., Becker A.B., Mandhane P.J., Turvey S.E., Subbarao P., Sears M.R., Scott J.A., Kozyrskyj A.L., 2017. Exposure to household furry pets influences the gut microbiota of infants at 3–4 months following various birth scenarios. Microbiome (2017) 5:40 DOI 10.1186/s40168-017-0254-x.
  • Healey J.M., Early Television Exposure and Subsequent Attention Problems in Children, “Pediatrics”, 113, n. 4, 1 Aprile 2004, pp. 917-918. Children’s Hospital and Regional Medical Center di Siattle.
  • Johnson Linda A., Behaviour Drugs Top Kids Prescriptions “Associated Press”, 17 Maggio 2004.
  • Visser et al, 2013, Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.
  • American Academy of Pediatrics, Managing Media: We Need a Plan, 2013, October 28. ( / about-the-aap-press-room/pages/Managing-Media-We-Need-a-Plan.aspx)
  • Di Nicola M. et al., 2017. Gender differences and psychopathological features associated with addictive behaviors in adolescents. Front. Psychiatry 8:256. doi: 10.3389/fpsyt.2017.00256
  • Rohman Melissa, 2018, MRI Shows Similar Results for Gaming, Drug Addicts. Health Imaging – 22 Giugno 2018, News Round Up
  • Turel O., He Q., Xue G., Xiao L., Bechara A., 2014. Examination of neural systems sub-serving Facebook “addiction”. Psychol. Rep. 115, 675-695
  • Roe J., Ward Thompson C., Aspinall P., Brewer M., Duff E., Miller D., Mitchell R. & Clow A., 2013. ‘Green Space and Stress: Evidence from Cortisol Measures in Deprived Urban Communities. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, vol. 10, no. 9, pp. 4086-4103. DOI: 3390/ijerph10094086
  • Delate T., Gelemberg A.J., Simmons V.A. e Motheral B.R., 2004. Trends in the Use of Antidepressants in a National Sample of Commercially Insured Pediatric Patients, 1998 to 2002, “Psychiatric Services”, 55, Aprile 2004, pp. 387-391
  • Johnson L.A., 2004. Behaviour Drugs Top Kids Prescriptions “Associated Press”, 17 Maggio 2004
  • Smith F. & Parker J., 2000. Contested spaces: Children’s experiences of out of school care in England and Wales. Childhood, 7, 315-333.
  • Maxwell L.E., 1996. Multiple effects of home and day care crowding. Environment and Behavior, 28, 494-511.
  • Newell P.B., 1994. A system model of privacy. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 14, 65-78.
  • Rivlin L.G., 1990. Homeand homelessness in the lives of children. Child and Youth Services, 14, 5-17.
  • Moore R. C., 1986. Childhood’s domain: play and place in child development. Croom Helm, London.
  • Sobel D.,1990. A place in the world: Adults’ memories of childhood special places. Children’s Environments Quarterly, 7, 5-12.
  • Korpela K. e Hartig T., 1996. Restorative qualities of favorite places. Journal of Environmental Psychology, Vol. 16, Pages 221-233.
  • Hartig T., Book A., Garvill J., Olsson T. & Garling T., 1996. Environmental influences on psychological restoration. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 37, 378-393.
  • 0’Brein M., Jones D., Sloan D. & Rustin M., 2000. Children’s indipendent spatial mobility in the urban public realm. Childhood, 7, 257-277.
  • Korpela K.M., 1992. Adolescent’s favourite places and environmental self-regulation, Journal of Environmental Psychology. 12, 249-258.
  • Newell P.B., 1997. A cross-cultural examination of a favorite places. Environment and Behavior, 29, 495-514.
  • Stevenson P., Banning Tag at Recess Is Dumb, in “CBS News”, 2006, June 27. (
  • Rosin H., The Overprotected Kid, in “Atlantic”, 2014, April.
  • Tierney J., Can a Playground Be Too Safe?, in “New York Times”, 2011, July 18.
  • PBS Parents, Rasing a Powerful Girl.
  • Ayres J. A., Sensory Integration and the Child, Los Angeles, Western Psycological Services, 2000)
  • Brussoni M. et al., 2012. Risky Play and Children’s Safety: Balancing Priorities for Optimal Child Development. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2012, 9, 3134-3148;
  • doi:10.3390/ijerph9093134
  • Jensen E., Teaching with the Brain in Mind, Alexandria, Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, 1998
  • Organizzazione mondiale della sanità . Urban Green Spaces and Health. Una recensione delle prove . WHO, 2016 ( )
  • Ward Thompson C. & Silveirinha de Oliveira E.M., 2016. Prove sui benefici per la salute degli spazi verdi urbani. In A. Egorov, P. Mudu, M. Braubach e M. Martuzzi (a cura di), Urban Green Spaces and Health: A Review of Evidence. Ufficio Regionale per l’Organizzazione Mondiale della Sanità per l’Europa, Copenaghen, pp. 3-20. DOI: 500.11820 / 060bccc7-80a1-44d2-9597-a12469ea0188
  • Guerra Monica (a cura di), 2015. F Suggestioni nell’incontro tra educazione e natura. Edizioni Franco Angeli, Milano
  • Hanscom Angela J., 2017. Giocate all’aria aperta! Perché il gioco libero nella natura rende i bambini intelligenti, forti e sicuri. Edizioni Il leone verde, Torino.
  • Gray Peter, 2015. Lasciateli giocare. Enaudi, Torino.
  • Oliverio Ferraris Anna e Oliverio Albertina, 2011. A piedi nudi nel verde. Giocare per imparare a vivere. Giunti Editore.
  • Manes Emilio, 2017. L’Asilo nel Bosco. Un nuovo paradigma educativo. Edizioni Tlön.
  • Louv R., 2016. Vitamin N: The Essential Guide to a Nature-Rich Life. Algonquin Books, 277 pgg.
  • (Slide tratte dalla presentazione della Dott.ssa Laura Mancini dell’ISS; Azione centrale CCM “Ambiente, Clima e Protezione della Salute dei Bambini” NèB: Natura è Benessere
  • Workshop  Roma 16 luglio 2018- SPAZI VERDI E BLU: UN CONTRIBUTO AL BENESSERE.- Reparto Ecosistemi e Salute)
  • Physical activity and exposure to nature are important to good health. Author Affiliation: Jules Pretty is with the University of Essex in the UK.Pretty, J., Angus, C., Bain, M., Barton, J., Gladwell, V., Hine, R., et al. (2009). Nature, childhood, health and life pathways: University of Essex. http://www Childhood and Health iCES Occ Paper 2009-2 FINAL.pdf
  • Being outdoors is important to our health. Author Affiliation: Geoffrey Godbey is with Resources for the Future. Godbey, G. (2009). Outdoor Recreation, Health, and Wellness: Understanding and Enhancing the Relationship. Washington DC: Resources for the Future.
  • Wilderness programs improve participants‟ health, behavior, and attitudes. Author Affiliation: Rachel Hine is with the University of Essex in the UK. Hine, R., Pretty, J., & Barton, J. (2009). Research project: Social, psychological and cultural benefits of large natural habitat & wilderness experience: University of Essex. Review for WF.pdf
  • Children‟s play in natural settings provides a suite of benefits. Lester, S., & Maudsley, M. (2006). “Play, naturally: A review of children’s natural play.” Children’s Play Council. play.pdf
  • An outdoor program enhances children‟s well-being, physical activity, and feelings of health, safety, and satisfaction. Author Affiliation: Carly Wood is with the University of Essex in the UK. Wood, C., Hine, R., & Barton, J. (2011). The health benefits of the Youth Outdoor Experience (YOE) project: University of Essex. This report may be available through the University of Essex, Suffolk Wildlife Trust, or Natural England report final version.pdf
  • Children who spend more time outside are more physically active. Author Affiliation: Ashley Cooper is with the University of Bristol in the UK. Cooper, A. R., Page, A. S., Wheeler, B. W., Hillsdon, M., Griew, P., & Jago, R. (2010). Patterns of GPS measured time outdoors after school and objective physical activity in English children: the PEACH project. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 7.
  • Children with a park playground near their home are more likely to be of a healthy weight. Author Affiliation: The authors are with the University of Waterloo in Canada. Potwarka, L. R., Kaczynski, A. T., & Flack, A. L. (2008). Places to play: association of park space and facilities with healthy weight status among children. Journal of Community Health, 33(5), 344- 350.
  • Neighborhood parks play an important role in promoting physical activity in children. Floriani, V., & Kennedy, C. (2008). “Promotion of physical activity in children.” Current Opinion in Pediatrics, 20(1), 90-95
  • Many children and adolescents are vitamin D deficient. Huh, S. Y., & Gordon, C. M. (2008). “Vitamin D deficiency in children and adolescents: Epidemiology, impact and treatment.” Reviews in Endocrine & Metabolic Disorders, 9(2), 161-170.
  • Elementary school principals overwhelmingly believe recess has a positive impact on students‟ achievement, learning, and development. Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. (2010). The state of play: Gallup survey of principals on school recess.
  • Green School Gyms improve children‟s health. (2009). Evaluation findings: health and social outcomes 2009. BTCV.
  • Outdoor experience for teens has self-reported life-changing results. Kellert, Stephen R.; with the assistance of Victoria Derr. “A National Study of Outdoor Wilderness Experience.” New Haven: Yale University, 1998. Education Reports/A National Study of Outdoor Wilderness Experience – by Stephen R. Kellert.pdf
  • Access to nature nurtures self-discipline. Taylor, Andrea Faber; Frances E. Kuo; and William C. Sullivan. “Views of Nature and Self- Discipline: Evidence from Inner City Children.” In the Journal of Environmental Psychology, 21, 2001. © 2001 Academic Press.
  • Nature as a healer for autistic children. ! 2019 Production and hosting by Elsevier B.V. on behalf of Faculty of Engineering, Alexandria University. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license Hadeer Abd-El-Razak Barakat, Ali Bakr, Zeyad El-Sayad- Architecture Department, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt – Received 18 March 2018; revised 25 August 2018; accepted 16 October 2018 –
  • Exposure to nature for children with autism spectrum disorder: Benefits, caveats, and barriers. (Dongying Li, Linda Larsen, Yan Yang, Lan Wang, Yujia Zhai, William C. Sullivan – Health & Place) Health and Place 55 (2019) 71–79
  • It’s official — spending time outside is good for you. University of East Anglia. “It’s official — spending time outside is good for you.” ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 6 July 2018.
  • Daily exposure to nature can have a positive impact on adolescents’ mood. (Li, D., Deal, B., Zhou, X., Slavenas, M., Sullivan, W.C., (2018). Moving beyond the neighborhood: Daily exposure to nature and adolescents’ mood. Landscape and Urban Planning, 173, 33-43).
  • The top 5 health benefits of interacting with nature. (Maller, C., Townsend, M., Pryor, A., Brown, P., & St Leger, L. (2006). Healthy nature healthy people: “contact with nature” as an upstream health promotion intervention for populations. Health promotion international, 21(1), 45-54).
  • Just 20 minutes of nature significantly lowers stress hormones.
  • Relationship between the duration of a nature experience (NE), and changes in two physiological biomarkers of stress – salivary cortisol and alpha- amylase. The research was published in Frontiers in Psychology. (
  • – Bambini cresciuti in un ambiente rurale hanno un sistema immunitario più sviluppato e sono meno predisposti a malattie allergiche e respiratorie rispetto ai bambini che vivono nei contesti urbani – Remes S.T., Iivanainen K. , Koskela H., Pekkanen J., 2003. Which factors explain the lower prevalence of atopy amongst farmers’ children? Clin Exp Allergy. 2003 Apr; 33 (4): 427-34.
  • Il contatto quotidiano con animali domestici permette lo sviluppo di un sistema immunitario più efficienteTun H.M., Konya T., Takaro T.K., Brook J.R., Chari R., Field C.J., Guttman D.S., Becker A.B., Mandhane P.J., Turvey S.E., Subbarao P., Sears M.R., Scott J.A., Kozyrskyj A.L., 2017. Exposure to household furry pets influences the gut microbiota of infants at 3–4 months following various birth scenarios. Microbiome (2017) 5:40 DOI 10.1186/s40168-017-0254-x. –
  • 80 minuti/die di attività all’aperto possono diminuire del 50% la probabilità di sviluppare miopia – Lui M, Xiang F, Zeng Y, et al., 2015. Increasing Children’s Time Spent Outdoors Reduces the Incidence of Myopia . 314 (11): 1142-8. –
  • Un ritorno alla natura può aiutare a curare la cosiddetta “dipendenza da Internet” it Quotidiano per un’economia ecologica. Comunicazione. Scienze e Ricerca. [5 Giugno 2017]
  • White, M.P., Smith, A., Humphryes, K., Pahl, S., Snelling, D. & Depledge, M. (2010) Blue space: The importance of water for preference, affect and restorativeness ratings of natural and built scenes. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 30, 482-493.
  • De Ridder K, Adamec V, Bañuelos A, Bruse M, Bürger M, Damsgaard O, et al. An integrated methodology to assess the benefits of urban green space. Sci Total Environ. 2004;334–335:489–497.
  • Mitchell, R., & Popham, F. (2008). Effect of exposure to natural environment on health inequalities. The Lancet, 372, 1655-1660.
  • Wheeler, White, Stahl-Timmins & Depledge (2012). Does living near the coast improve health and well-being? Health & Place, 18, 1198-1201

3° Ambito: gli effetti benefici dello sport

  • Parodi G. – Medicina dello sport (Dispense SUISM)
  • Gogtay N., et al.: Dynamic mapping of human cortical development during childhood through early adulthood. PNAS U.S.A. 101: 8174-8179,2004.
  • Molteni R., Zheng JQ., Ying Z:, Gomez-Pinilla F., Twiss J:L.: Voluntary exercise increases axonal regeneration from sensory neurons. PNAS U.S.A. 101:8473-8478, 2004.
  • Endocrinologia e attività motorie. Front Cover. Andrea Lenzi, Gaetano Lombardi, Enio Martino. Elsevier srl, 2008 – Medical – 288 pages.
  • G. Colaianni, C. Cuscito et al., The myokine irisin increases cortical bone mass.
  • F. Han, S. Zhang; N. Hou; D. Wang; X. Sun, Irisin improves endothelial function in obese mice through the AMPK-eNOS pathway.
  • Li et al., 2017, The Journal of Physiology; Cell Metabolism 26, 672–685 October 3, 2017 Published by Elsevier Inc.
  • World Health Organization. WHO Global Recommendations on Physical Activity for Health. Geneva: World Health Organization, 2010. 10665/44399/1/9789241599979_eng.pdf
  • –
  • – intelligenti – La ginnastica a scuola: pedagogia, scienza e cultura” maggio 2018
  • Eichner JE, Folorunso OA, Moore WE. A Physical Activity Intervention and Changes in Body Mass Index at a Middle School With a Large American Indian Population, Oklahoma, 2004–2009. Prev Chronic Dis 2016;13:150495. DOI:
  • Di Meo S, Iossa S, Venditti P. Improvement of obesity-linked skeletal muscle insulin resistance by strength and endurance training. J Endocrinol. 2017 Sep;234(3):R159-R181.
  • Rapporti Istisan 15/1; Prevenzione dell’obesità nella scuola: indicazioni a partire dalle evidenze della letteratura. A cura di Manila Bonciani, Paola Nardone, Enrica Pizzi, Angela Spinelli, Silvia Andreozzi, Mariano Giacchi, Margherita Caroli, Gianfranco Mazzarella, Giulia Cairella e Daniela Galeone. 2015.
  • Usefulness of a program of hospital-supervised physical training in patients with cystic fibrosis.
  • Turchetta A, Salerno T, Lucidi V, Libera F, Cutrera R, Bush A.Pediatr Pulmonol. 2004 Aug;38(2):115-8.
  • 2018 AHA/ACC Guideline for the Management of Adults With Congenital HeartDisease: Executive Summary
  • Karen K. Stout et al. Journal of the American College of Cardiology-DOI: 10.1016/j.jacc.2018.08.1028
  • Declerck M, Verheul M, Daly D, Sanders R. Benefits and Enjoyment of a Swimming Intervention for Youth With Cerebral Palsy: An RCT Study. Pediatr Phys Ther. 2016 Summer;28(2):162-9. doi: 10.1097/PEP.0000000000000235. PMID: 26871379
  • Pan CY. Effects of water exercise swimming program on aquatic skills and social behaviors in children with autism spectrum disorders. Autism. 2010 Jan;14(1):9-28. doi: 10.1177/1362361309339496. PMID: 20124502
  • Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Obesità infantile: gli amici possono aiutare a stare in forma, Comunicato Stampa 89/2018
  • ASL della Città di Bergamo, Dipartimento di Prevenzione – Area Salute e Ambiente, “Linee guida N.5 Attività Fisica e  Sport nel Bambino e nell’Adolescente”;
  • Harvey SB, Overland S, Hatch SL, Wessely S, Mykletun A, Hotopf M. Exercise and the prevention of depression: results of the HUNT cohort study. Am J Psychiatry. 2018;175(1):28-36.
  • Payam Dadvand, Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen, Mikel Esnaola, Joan Forns, Xavier Basagaña, Mar Alvarez-Pedrerol, Ioar Rivas, Mónica López-Vicente, Montserrat De Castro Pascual, Jason Su, Michael Jerrett, Xavier Querol, and Jordi Sunyer. Green spaces and cognitive development in primary schoolchildren. PNAS. 2015.
  • Ministero della Salute – Direzione Generale della Prevenzione Sanitaria Ufficio 8, “Linee di indirizzo sull’attività fisica per le differenti fasce d’età e con riferimento a situazioni fisiologiche e fisiopatologiche e a sottogruppi specifici di popolazione”, 15 marzo 2019.
  • Elenco autori (Decreto del Direttore Generale della Prevenzione Sanitaria del Ministero della Salute del 29 maggio 2017 e successive integrazioni) Ministero della Salute:

Daniela Galeone: DG Prevenzione Sanitaria Ufficio 8

Maria Teresa Menzano: DG Prevenzione Sanitaria Ufficio 8

Fabrizio Anatra: DG Prevenzione Sanitaria Ufficio 8

Altri Enti:

Marco Bernardi: Delegato Comitato Italiano Paralimpico (CIP) – Titolare Barbara Nuvoli Area Risorse Umane e Trasparenza CIP

Pier Giuseppe Calà: Regione Toscana – Gruppo Tecnico Interregionale Attività sportive

Rossana Ciuffetti: CONI SERVIZI

Graziamaria Corbi: Società Italiana di Gerontologia e Geriatria (SIGG)

Barbara De Mei: Istituto Superiore di Sanità (ISS)

Giorgio Galanti: Federazione Medico Sportiva Italiana (FMSI)

Maurizio Gottin: Referente Regione Piemonte nel Gruppo Tecnico Medicina Attività Sportive

Giorgio Liguori: Società Italiana di Igiene, medicina preventiva e sanità pubblica (SItI)

Domenico Meleleo: Federazione italiana dei medici pediatri (FIMP)

Giorgio Nicolanti: Società Italiana di Ginecologia e ostetricia (SIGO)

Mauro Ruggeri: Società Italiana di medicina generale e delle cure primarie (SIMG)

Daniela Rossi: Unione Italiana Sport per tutti (UISP)

4° Ambito: Videogame

  • Zheng H, Hu Y, Wang Z, Wang M, Du X, Dong G. Meta-analyses of the functional neural alterations in subjects with Internet gaming disorder: Similarities and differences across different paradigms. Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry. 2019 May 27:109656. doi: 10.1016/j.pnpbp.2019.109656.

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Dipendenza da Videogioco

  • SELINUS UNIVERSITY of SCIENCES and LITERATURE PhD Doctor of Philosophy Faculty Psychology Cognitive Psychology and Addictive Behavior. DIPENDENZA da VIDEOGIOCO: CONSEQUENZE in ETA’ ADOLESCENZIALE e NEURO-PL ASTICITA ’ . Relatrice: ssa Marisol Settimi Anno accademico: 2020

Attività sportiva e sfera emotiva: alcune pratiche virtuose

  • Rapporti Istisan 18/9; “Movimento, sport e salute: l’importanza delle politiche di promozione dell’attività fisica e ricadute sulla collettività”. A cura di B. De Mei, C. Cadeddu, P. Luzi, A. Spinelli. 2018
  • McCormick R. Does access to green space impact the mental well-being of children: a systematic review. J Pediatr Nurs. 2017; 37:3–7.
  • Anna Chiumento, Ipshita Mukherjee, Jaya Chandna, Carl Dutton, Atif Rahman & Katie Bristow. A haven of green space: learning from a pilot pre-post evaluation of a school-based social and therapeutic horticulture intervention with children. BMC Public Health. 2018; 18: 836.
  • Chawla, L.; Keena, K.; Pevec, I.; Stanley, E. Green schoolyards as havens from stress and resources for resilience in childhood and adolescence. Health Place. 2014; 28, 1–13.
  • Kuo, F. How might contact with nature promote human health? Promising mechanisms and a possible central pathway. Front. Psychol. 2015; 6, 1093.
  • Becker, C.; Lauterbach, G.; Spengler, S.; Dettweiler, U.; Mess, F. Effects of regular classes in outdoor education settings: A systematic review on students’ learning, social and health dimensions. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017; 14, 485.
  • Li, D.; Sullivan, W.C. Impact of views to school landscapes on recovery from stress and mental fatigue. Landsc. Urban Plan. 2016; 148, 149–158.
  • Bowler DE, Buyung-Ali LM, Knight TM, Pullin AS. A systematic review of evidence for the added benefits to health of exposure to natural environments. BMC Public Health. 2010; 10:456.
  • Sunyer J, et al. Association between traffic-related air pollution in schools and cognitive development
  • James P, Banay RF, Hart JE, Laden F. A review of the health benefits of greenness. Curr Epidemiol Reports 2015; 2(2):131–142.
  • Bell, A.C., Dyment, J.E., Grounds for health: The intersection of green school grounds and health-promoting schools. Environmental Education Research, 2008. 14(1), 77 90.